[BibTeX] [RIS]
Geospatial Narratives and their Spatio-Temporal Dynamics: Commonsense Reasoning for High-level Analyses in Geographic Information Systems
Type of publication: Article
Citation: Bhatt-Wallgruen-2013
Publication status: Accepted
Journal: Special Issue on: Geospatial Monitoring and Modelling of Environmental Change, ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information
Booktitle: IJGI
Volume: 3
Number: 1
Year: 2014
Month: February
Pages: 166-205
Publisher: IJGI, MDPI Publishing
ISSN: 2220-9964
URL: http://www.mdpi.com/2220-9964/...
Abstract: The modelling, analysis, and visualisation of dynamic geospatial phenomena has been identified as a key developmental challenge for next-generation Geographic Information Systems (GIS). In this context, the envisaged paradigmatic extensions to contemporary foundational GIS technology raises fundamental questions concerning the ontological, formal representational, and (analytical) computational methods that would underlie their spatial information theoretic underpinnings. We present the conceptual overview and architecture for the development of high-level semantic and qualitative analytical capabilities for dynamic geospatial domains. Building on formal methods in the areas of commonsense reasoning, qualitative reasoning, spatial and temporal representation and reasoning, reasoning about actions and change, and computational models of narrative, we identify concrete theoretical and practical challenges that accrue in the context of formal reasoning about `space, events, actions, and change'. With this as a basis, and within the backdrop of an illustrated scenario involving the spatio-temporal dynamics of urban narratives, we address specific problems and solutions techniques chiefly involving `qualitative abstraction', `data integration and spatial consistency', and `practical geospatial abduction'. From a broad topical viewpoint, we propose that next-generation dynamic GIS technology demands a transdisciplinary scientific perspective that brings together Geography, Artificial Intelligence, and Cognitive Science. Keywords: artificial intelligence; cognitive systems; human-computer interaction; geographic information systems; spatio-temporal dynamics; computational models of narrative; geospatial analysis; geospatial modelling; ontology; qualitative spatial modelling and reasoning; spatial assistance systems
Userfields: pdfurl={http://www.mdpi.com/2220-9964/3/1/166/pdf}, status={Reviewed},
Keywords: geospatial narative dynamics
Authors Bhatt, Mehul
Wallgruen, Jan Oliver
Editors Rocchini, Duccio