GIScience 2008 Workshop on
An environment's spatial characteristics influence human behavior in and conceptualization of that environment. This workshop addresses the adequate representation of this interaction between environment and human behavior in terms of computational models of space. It follows the successful CAME'06 workshop held at GIScience in Münster, Germany.
There is a consensus that the characteristics of an environment influence human performance in spatial tasks. For an (extreme) example, compare localization in a maze relative to its exit with localization in open space with respect to a nearby landmark.
From a cognitive perspective, Montello (1993) provides a general classification of environments according to their relation to the size of the human body and the consequences on human perception and conception of these spaces. Furthermore, there has been research identifying spatial factors that influence human performance and ability in spatial (navigation) tasks (e.g., Weisman, 1981; Gärling, 1986). In architecture, Lynch (1960) classified elements in the environment that shape people's 'image of a city'. In urban planning, space syntax (Hillier & Hanson, 1984) provides a set of representations that reflect and predict social behavior in urban areas. While this is clearly sociologically motivated, space syntax researchers started to take cognitive considerations into account (e.g., Zimring & Conroy Dalton, 2003; Hölscher, Conroy Dalton & Turner, 2007). Finally, the modality of locomotion (on foot, by car, etc.) poses additional constraints for cognitively meaningful models of space.
In contrast, today's location-based services or mobile systems just distinguish indoor and outdoor space without any further consideration of other spatial factors. Many other environmental characteristics, such as an environment's general structure or configurations of features that may single out places, are not taken into account in computational models for spatial assistance. Consequently, there is a gap between the widely deployed models of space and what research in cognitive science and related fields identified as being important for human interaction with and conceptualization of space. Bridging this gap must be a concern for GIScience.
Gärling, T., Lindberg, E., & Mäntylä, T. (1983), Orientation in buildings: Effects of familiarity, visual access, and orientation aids. Journal of Applied Psychology 68(1):177-186.
Hillier, B. & Hanson, J. (1984), The Social Logic of Space. Cambridge University Press.
Hölscher, C., Conroy Dalton, R. and Turner, A. (2007), Space Syntax and Spatial Cognition. Proceedings of the workshop held in Bremen, SFB/TR8 Monographs vol. 2. Bremen: Universität Bremen.
Lynch, K. (1960), The Image of the City. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.
Montello, D. R. (1993), Scale and multiple psychologies of space. In A.U. Frank & I. Campari (eds.), Spatial Information Theory: A Theoretical Basis for GIS (pp. 312-321). Berlin: Springer.
Weisman, J. (1981), Evaluating architectural legibility: Way-finding in the built environment. Environment and Behavior 13(2):189-204.
Zimrig, C. & Conroy Dalton, R. (2003), Linking objective measures of space to cognition and action. Environment and Behavior 35(1):3-16.
Primitives of the models:
Elements of space, principles of representations, and spatial ontologies:
Applications: Communication of spatial information:
Applications: Designing environments:
This workshop is one in a series of workshops that complement the GIScience 2008 conference in Park City, Utah, USA (September 23-26). It comprises presentations of the accepted papers, followed by discussions in small groups with report-back to the plenum.
|Participants||We are looking for researchers interested in the workshop topic from different scientific backgrounds: geographic information science, architecture and space syntax, computer science, cartography, and other related fields|
Deadline extended! May 18
Please submit short papers in PDF format by e-mail to the workshop organizers. Length of papers should be no more than 4 pages or 2000 words.
Submitted papers will be reviewed by the program committee. Accepted papers will be chosen for presentation and publication as report of the Transregional Collaborative Research Center SFB/TR 8 Spatial Cognition. We also aim for a special issue in an international journal.
P. Agarwal, University College London
T. Barkowsky, Universität Bremen
D. Caduff, Universität Zürich
R. Conroy-Dalton, University College London
B. Elias, Universität Hannover
S. Fabrikant, Universität Zürich
C. Hölscher, Universität Freiburg
A. Klippel, Penn State University
C. Kray, Newcastle University
M. Mavridou, University College London
S. Timpf, Universität Augsburg
M. Tomko, Universität Zürich
Last updated: 2008-02-11